The landscape around the Fehmarn belt fixed link will, together with the immersed tunnel portal, make changes to the local area. The final landscape has not been decided yet, but in the Conceptual Design Phase, the Ramboll-Arup-TEC JV, has made the following proposal in close cooperation with Schonherr A/S and DHI.
The new landscapes will connect the tunnel portals to the adjacent coastal stretches in a soft way, thereby minimizing the visual impact of the portal buildings and adding new landscape features to the area.
The new landscape area at Lolland will consist of the following elements:
• Sections of beaches
• Armored sections
• A coastal lagoon with wetlands
• A cliff section which by erosion will supply the downstream coast with sediments
You might ask yourself how the new landscapes can be implemented into the Fehmarn area, and the explanation for this is that the land reclamation across the Danish and the German sides consists of excess soil material from excavating the trench to the immersed tunnel. Thus, the purpose of land reclamation is to use surplus land for out-shaping landscapes, which will bring the area new natural and recreational values. The picture above portrays a reclamation area on the Lolland (Danish) side.
The above picture is from the Portal and Ramp area on the Fehmarn side and portrays how discreetly the portal and ramp structures are built into the landscape.
The landscape on the Danish coast has been formed as a streamlined area along the existing coast with an extension similar to that of the existing Rødby Ferry Harbour, whereby it is secured that there will be no additional blocking of the flow through the strait. The new landscape extends 1.7 km west of the harbor and 3.7 km east of the harbour.
The picture below is an overview of the reclaimed area along the Danish coast.
The proposed landscaping is considered as a “win win” situation; The “landscaping” introduces a positive impact of the project in the form of supplying artificial “natural” landscape elements adding new nature, environmental and recreational values to the area which, in the past, has suffered severely from engineering projects. This is an ideal example of a “Working with Nature” approach to a large infrastructure project.